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Agreement in Complex Sentences

Agreement in Complex Sentences: A Key to Effective Communication

Effective communication is crucial to convey a message, an idea, or an argument successfully. However, constructing complex sentences can be tricky, especially when it comes to maintaining agreement between its parts. In this article, we will explore the importance of agreement in complex sentences, and how to achieve it.

First, let`s define what complex sentences are. A complex sentence is a sentence that consists of one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. The independent clause is a complete sentence that can stand on its own, while the dependent clause cannot. Dependent clauses rely on independent clauses to create meaning.

In complex sentences, it is essential to maintain agreement between the subject and the verb in both the independent and dependent clauses. This means that the verb used in the sentence should agree in number and person with its subject. For example, in the sentence “The dog, who loves to play fetch, runs in the park every day,” the verb “runs” should agree with the subject “The dog.”

Complex sentences can be challenging as they can have multiple subjects, verbs, or phrases that can confuse the reader or listener if the agreement is not maintained. This can lead to ambiguity, misinterpretation, or even changing the meaning of the sentence entirely.

To maintain agreement in complex sentences, it is essential to identify the subject and the verb in each clause. This can be done by breaking down the sentence into its parts and examining each clause individually. Once the subject and verb in each clause have been identified, it is crucial to ensure that they agree in number, person, and tense.

Let`s take a look at an example of a complex sentence with agreement errors: “The students who love to write or read and studying hard for their exams.” In this sentence, the verb “studying” is incorrectly used, as it does not agree in number with the plural subject “students.” To correct this, the sentence should be revised as follows: “The students who love to write or read are studying hard for their exams.”

In conclusion, agreement in complex sentences is essential for effective communication. It ensures that the message conveyed is clear, concise, and accurate. To achieve agreement, it is necessary to identify the subject and the verb in each clause and ensure that they agree in number, person, and tense. With proper agreement, complex sentences can communicate complex ideas, thoughts, and arguments with ease.